Types of Markers
From today, we'll learn about 조사, or markers. Like prepositions for many English learners, markers are one of the hardest part in Korean language.
There are 3 types of markers: 격조사, 보조사, and 접속조사. 격조사 is used to show the grammatical role of the noun. Let's see some examples.
피자가 식탁 위에 있다.
A pizza is on the table.
In this case, -가 shows that pizza is the subject of the sentence.
가위로 피자를 잘랐다.
We cut the pizza with scissors.
In this case, 를 shows that pizza is the object of the sentence.
In English, there is a strict word order rule. In most cases, you should put your subject in the particular places like the beginning in declarative sentences.
However, you can order your words whatever you like in Korean language. So, you need a way to tell their roles. That's why 격조사s exist. They don't have any particular meaning.
Second 조사 is 보조사. These markers add some meaning to the sentence. Let's see with some examples.
그 가위로 피자만 잘랐어.
I only cut the pizza with the scissors.
In this case, it means you cut only pizza, you didn't cut other things like sheets of paper or wires, etc. 만 added meaning "only" to the sentence.
Final 조사 is 접속조사. 접속 means connect. So, it connects words. It's like "and" in Korean.
한국과 일본의 결승전이 오늘 열린다.
The final match between South Korea and Japan will be held today.
과 here connects South Korea and Japan.
From our next episode, we'll learn how to use 조사s.