Present Progressive – Korean Tense #6

We've learned present tense. So, let's continue with present progressive tense. It's "be -ing" tense in English. It is used to describe what you are doing now. In Korean, you can use both present and present progressive tense for current situation. If you want to emphasize what you are doing now, you should use present progressive tense. In Korean, it's "-고 있다". Fortunately, it starts with 고. So, there is no irregular conjugation. Just get rid of 다 and add 고. It's all done!

In the last 4 episodes, we've learned 4 types of polite levels in present tense. In present progressive tense, it's still true. They are "-고 있어", "-고 있다", "-고 있어요", "-고 있습니다". As you can see, each rule is applied to the verb, 있다.

Let's see with examples.

어디야?
지금 집에 가고 있어.
Where are you?
I am going back home.

뭐 해?
고기 굽고 있어.
What are you doing?
Roasting meats.

애들은 뭐 하고 있어?
공부해.
What are the kids doing?
They're studying.

As you can see, in many cases, you can use present and present progressive tense interchangeably in Korean if you want to talk about the current situation. Present progressive is rarely used to describe habits.

그는 지금 내일 강의 준비를 하고 있다.
He's prerparing for the tomorrow's lecture now.

성화는 지금 자고 있다.
성화 is sleeping now.

어디야?
지금 회사에서 일하고 있어요.
Where are you?
I am now working at my workplace.

지금 뭐하세요?
책상 만들고 있어요.
What are you doing now?
I am now making a desk.

순철이는 지금 게임을 하고 있습니다.
순철 is now playing games.

영희는 지금 뭐 하고 있습니까?
지금 TV를 보고 있습니다.
What is 영희 doing now?
She's watching TV now.