Past and Future Progressive – Korean Tense #14

After finishing present tense, we've learned progressive tense, "-고 있다". We'll learn how to use progressive tense with past and future.

Past Progressive

Like present tense, we'll use "-고 있다". And we should apply conjugation to "있다". So, the past progressive conjugation forms are "-고 있었어", "-고 있었다", "-고 있었어요", "-고 있었습니다".

어서 와. 늦게 오길래 우리끼리 먼저 만들고 있었어.
Welcome. As you come late, we were making it by ourselves.

철수가 도착했을 때, 그 아이들은 이미 싸우고 있었다.
When 철수 arrived, the kids were already fighting.

잘 있었지?
네, 공부하고 있었어요.
Everything OK?
Yes, I was studying.

어떻게 해야할지 몰라서 그냥 기다리고 있었습니다.
I didn't know what to do. So, I was just waiting.

Future Progressive of "-겠"

Like past tense, the conjugation is applied to "있다" part for future tense. As we learned, there are 2 future tense forms in Korean. "-고 있을게", "-고 있겠다", "-고 있을게요", "-고 있겠습니다" are the future progressive tense forms for "-겠" family. And "-고 있을 거야", "-고 있을 것이다", "-고 있을 거예요", "-고 있을 것입니다" are the future progressive tense forms for "-을/를 것이다" family.

먼저 보고 있을게. 그래도 되지?
I'll watch them first. OK?

저희가 먼저 가서 준비하고 있을게요.
We'll go first and prepare them.

시간 절약을 위해 제가 먼저 읽어 보고 있겠습니다. 허락해 주시겠습니까?
I'll go read them first to save time. Will you allow me?

I didn't use "I'll be watching them first. OK?" or "We'll go first and be preparing them" because it sounds a bit odd in English. However, in above examples, the progressiveness is emphasized than "먼저 볼게." and "먼저 가서 준비할게요."

In addition, you realized that I didn't give you any example for "-고 있겠다". As we learned, "I" or "we" is implied in the sentence when we use "-겠" future tense. So, it's unnatural to use them in documentation.

Future Progressive of "-을/를 것이다"

영희는 미국에 살고 있으니 지금 쯤이면 자고 있을 거야.
영희 lives in US, so she might be in bed this time.

내일 이 시간 쯤에는 바닷가에서 놀고 있을 것이다.
By this time tomorrow, we'll be having fun on the beach.

30분 정도 후에 가도 계속 만들고 있을 거예요.
Even though we get there after 30 minutes, they might be still making it.

갑자기 불쑥 찾아가도 제대로 하고 있을 것입니다.
Although we visit them without any notice, they might be doing that correctly.