합쇼체 examples – Korean Polite Language #6

The second honorific we'll learn is 합쇼체. These sentences end with -ㅂ니다. It is used in official and polite situations. Declarative: 합니다 Declarative sentences end with -ㅂ니다 or -습니다. 저는 아침마다 책을 읽습니다.I read books every morning. 제 실수로 이런 일이 벌어진 것에 대해 사과의 말씀을 드립니다.I apologize for the situation that happened because of

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해라체 examples – Korean Polite Language #5

We'll see the examples of 상대 높임법. As there are 6 types, we'll see each type at a time. Before we start, I want to tell you about 5 sentence types in Korean. Declarative, interrogative, imperative, requesting, exclamatory. Declarative is a plain explanatory sentence that ends with a period like "he loves cookies". Interrogative sentence

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Relative Honorific – Korean Polite Language #4

Relative honorifics(상대 높임법) are used when you're trying to honor the listener. This honorific is related with whom you are talking to. Subject Honorific vs. Relative Honorific It might be confusing with the subject honorific which honors the subject of the sentence. Let's check the difference between them with these 2 examples. Let's say you're

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More about Subject Honorific – Korean Polite Language #3

Like we saw at the end of the last episode, it is really hard to use subject honorific properly, even for native speakers. One of the hardest things about this rule is 압존법, not using honorific in front of the higher-rank people about the lower-rank people than them. You cannot understand what this means. The

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Subject Honorific – Korean Polite Language #2

Let's start with honoring the subjects. For this grammar, you should remember 2 things: 께서 and -(으)시- ending. -(으)시- ending is necessary and 께서 is optional. You should add -(으)시- to the verb in the sentence. 아버지는 책을 많이 읽으십니다. (읽다 -> 읽으시다 -> 읽으십니다)My father reads books a lot. 선생님이 우리를 칭찬하셨어. (칭찬하다 ->

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About Polite Language

Some interesting but really hard feature in Korean is polite language. In English, the language doesn't change a lot between situations like age difference, ranks in the group, friendliness, publicity of the situation, etc. However, in Korean, the language, especially endings, changes dramatically because of those situations. Let's say you want to say "I read

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Other Negative Statements- Korean Negative Statements #6

In our last episode about negative statements, we'll learn some small things that I couldn't cover in one episode. -않기를 바란다/희망한다/원한다/빈다/기대한다, -않았으면 좋겠다/한다 These expressions are used when you want to talk "I hope you don't do something" such as "I hope the weather is not bad tomorrow", "We hope you don't come here this

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3 Words in Running Man 356(I-Go Race 2)

전도사 This word came from Christianity. 전도 is evangelism. 전도사 is usually the full-time evangelist in churches. 전도사s propagate Christianity. So, this word is used when someone propagates something good like 건강 전도사(who propagates healthy life), 바른 말 전도사(who propagates good words), 운동 전도사(who propagates exercises), etc. 이 분은 우리 회사의 건강 전도사야.This person is

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말다 Negative – Korean Negative Statements #5

We've learned 안 and 못 negative. We'll learn the final negative form, 말다 negative. What is 말다? Unlike 안, 못 negative, 말다 negative is only used with command or suggestion. They cannot be used in question or normal sentences. In other words, 말다 means "stop", "don't", or "let's not" in English. When it is conjugated

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3 Words in Running Man 355(I-Go Race 1)

환심 It is usually used in the phrase of "환심을 사다". 환심 means to be delightful or cheerful. And 사다 means buy. It is used when you earn some favor or interest by giving others free gift. Although I said "free gifts", it can be a bribe if you give it for some intent. So,

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