Judgment/Viewpoint – Korean Aspects #3

In our conversations, we use phrases like "I'm sure", "it's possible", "it's natural" to show our judgment or viewpoint about the statement after them. In this episode, we'll learn how to do that in Korean. -네, -는구나/-구나 These expressions are used when you realized something you didn't. As we know, they are also used for

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Estimate/Guess – Korean Aspects #2

When we were learning tense expressions, we learned that future tense endings like 겠 and -을/를 것이다 are used for estimation or guesses. They are not the only guessing expressions in Korean. We'll learn other expressions today. -(으)ㄹ걸 It is used when you're guessing about the current or near-future situation. One thing to note is

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Hoping and Abilities – Korean Aspects #1

In English grammar, aspects are added to tense expressions. It's the perfect, progressive things in present perfect or past progressive. In Korean, aspect is the attitude which the speaker has about the sentence. Like always, grammar words are hard. Let's see some examples. 철수는 내일 미국으로 간다.철수 will go to US tomorrow. 철수는 내일 미국으로

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Polite Verbs – Korean Polite Language #13

We learned special words that you should use when you want to speak politely. In this episode, I'll talk about special nouns. Honoring Nouns 밥 -> 진지 진지 here has nothing to do with being serious. 진지는 드셨어요?Did you have a meal? One thing to note is that 진지 is used a lot for old

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Polite Verbs – Korean Polite Language #12

In Korean and Japanese polite language, there are special words for it. We'll learn verbs this week and nouns next week. Honoring Subjects 먹다 -> 잡수시다, 드시다. 아침은 잡수셨습니까?Did you eat breakfast? 다 드셨으면 다음 장소로 가겠습니다.If you finished eating, we'll go on to the next place. 마시다 -> 드시다 Usually, we don't speak "eat

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하소서체 examples – Korean Polite Language #11

We'll learn 하소서체 today. 하소서체 is almost dead in contemporary Korean language. You can only find this in prayers in churches and the Bible verses these days. You can also hear them in some history dramas. But these days, even history dramas avoid using them. 하소서체 is more polite than 합쇼체/합시다체. So, it was used

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하오체 examples – Korean Polite Language #10

Another honorific style is 하오체. Unlike 하게체, it's hard to find someone using 하오체 in daily conversation. It doesn't mean it's grammatically wrong. It's just not used much in real life. You can find this style almost only in history dramas. Actually, this style was really popular in Internet world about 15 years ago. But

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하게체 examples – Korean Polite Language #9

We covered 4 major honorific styles, 해라체, 합쇼체, 해체, 해요체. And we have 2 more honorifics, 하게체 and 하오체. These 2 styles are less frequently used than those 4 and usually used by older people. However, it can be useful to know them. Because you can hear them in some TV shows and dramas. Even

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해요체 examples – Korean Polite Language #8

Like I said earlier in the series, if you're not sure which form to use, it's usually the best choice to use 해요체. And then, you'll decide which style to use after that. It's a friendly and polite, so I recommend it. And many Koreans do that, too. One thing interesting about 해요체 is that

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해체 examples – Korean Polite Language #7

We'll learn informal casual style of talking this week. It's called 해체. It's not about breaking up something. It got this name because the declarative form of 하다 ends with 해. Declarative: -해, -지 Declarative sentences end with -아/어 or -지. There's not much difference between them. 지금 컴퓨터 해.I'm doing something with computer now.

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