Polite Verbs – Korean Polite Language #12

In Korean and Japanese polite language, there are special words for it. We'll learn verbs this week and nouns next week. Honoring Subjects 먹다 -> 잡수시다, 드시다. 아침은 잡수셨습니까?Did you eat breakfast? 다 드셨으면 다음 장소로 가겠습니다.If you finished eating, we'll go on to the next place. 마시다 -> 드시다 Usually, we don't speak "eat

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하소서체 examples – Korean Polite Language #11

We'll learn 하소서체 today. 하소서체 is almost dead in contemporary Korean language. You can only find this in prayers in churches and the Bible verses these days. You can also hear them in some history dramas. But these days, even history dramas avoid using them. 하소서체 is more polite than 합쇼체/합시다체. So, it was used

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하오체 examples – Korean Polite Language #10

Another honorific style is 하오체. Unlike 하게체, it's hard to find someone using 하오체 in daily conversation. It doesn't mean it's grammatically wrong. It's just not used much in real life. You can find this style almost only in history dramas. Actually, this style was really popular in Internet world about 15 years ago. But

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하게체 examples – Korean Polite Language #9

We covered 4 major honorific styles, 해라체, 합쇼체, 해체, 해요체. And we have 2 more honorifics, 하게체 and 하오체. These 2 styles are less frequently used than those 4 and usually used by older people. However, it can be useful to know them. Because you can hear them in some TV shows and dramas. Even

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해요체 examples – Korean Polite Language #8

Like I said earlier in the series, if you're not sure which form to use, it's usually the best choice to use 해요체. And then, you'll decide which style to use after that. It's a friendly and polite, so I recommend it. And many Koreans do that, too. One thing interesting about 해요체 is that

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해체 examples – Korean Polite Language #7

We'll learn informal casual style of talking this week. It's called 해체. It's not about breaking up something. It got this name because the declarative form of 하다 ends with 해. Declarative: -해, -지 Declarative sentences end with -아/어 or -지. There's not much difference between them. 지금 컴퓨터 해.I'm doing something with computer now.

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합쇼체 examples – Korean Polite Language #6

The second honorific we'll learn is 합쇼체. These sentences end with -ㅂ니다. It is used in official and polite situations. Declarative: 합니다 Declarative sentences end with -ㅂ니다 or -습니다. 저는 아침마다 책을 읽습니다.I read books every morning. 제 실수로 이런 일이 벌어진 것에 대해 사과의 말씀을 드립니다.I apologize for the situation that happened because of

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해라체 examples – Korean Polite Language #5

We'll see the examples of 상대 높임법. As there are 6 types, we'll see each type at a time. Before we start, I want to tell you about 5 sentence types in Korean. Declarative, interrogative, imperative, requesting, exclamatory. Declarative is a plain explanatory sentence that ends with a period like "he loves cookies". Interrogative sentence

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Relative Honorific – Korean Polite Language #4

Relative honorifics(상대 높임법) are used when you're trying to honor the listener. This honorific is related with whom you are talking to. Subject Honorific vs. Relative Honorific It might be confusing with the subject honorific which honors the subject of the sentence. Let's check the difference between them with these 2 examples. Let's say you're

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More about Subject Honorific – Korean Polite Language #3

Like we saw at the end of the last episode, it is really hard to use subject honorific properly, even for native speakers. One of the hardest things about this rule is 압존법, not using honorific in front of the higher-rank people about the lower-rank people than them. You cannot understand what this means. The

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