Other Causative Forms – Korean Causative and Passive Forms #4
We learned a lot of causative forms with examples. In this episode, you'll learn more about them.
ㅣ + 우
The verbs we learn used only one suffix when they are conjugated to causative forms. However, some verbs use 2 suffixes, 이 and 우. They are 서다(stand) -> 세우다, 자다(sleep) -> 재우다, 타다(burn) -> 태우다, 차다(wear in your wrists, to be filled) -> 채우다, 크다(big) -> 키우다.
선생님께서 자고 있던 나를 일으켜 세우셨다.
Teacher made me stand up when I was dozing.
아이 재우는 것도 쉬운 일이 아니구나.
Putting kid into sleep is not an easy work.
이 모든 것을 다 태웠다는 이야기로군.
You told me that you burned everything.
방 하나를 책으로 꽉 채웠다.
I filled an entire room with books.
A: 그냥 작은 회사에요.
B: 부끄러워하지 말고 가서 크게 키워!
A: It's just a small company.
B: Don't be embarrassed and make it great.
When 르 verbs are conjugated to causative forms, ㄹ is added and 리 is appended like 오르다(move up) -> 올리다.
파일이 커서 올리는데 시간이 많이 걸려.
As files are big, it will take long time to upload them.
Some odd verbs
Some verbs have really unexpected changes. They are 없다(not exist) -> 없애다, 젖다(to be wet) -> 적시다, 일다(rise) -> 일으키다, 돌다(turn) -> 돌이키다.
다 없앴다고 생각했는데, 하나도 없어지지 않았어.
I thought that I removed everything, but nothing was removed.
우유에 빵을 적셔 먹으면 맛있어.
It's tasty when you eat the bread after dipping it into milk.
사건을 일으킨 사람이 너냐?
Is that you who did that?
돌이킬 수 없는 실수를 해 버렸다.
I made a mistake that cannot be undone.
Some sentences cannot be changed.
When we learn causative forms, we used normal sentence first and changed it to causative forms. However, in some cases, these normal sentences don't exist. These are examples.
선생님께서 종을 울리셨다.
Teacher rang the bell.
종이 울었다 is wrong.
그 사람은 끝까지 진실을 숨겼다.
He hid the truth until the end.
진실이 숨었다 is wrong.