해체 examples – Korean Polite Language #7

We'll learn informal casual style of talking this week. It's called 해체. It's not about breaking up something. It got this name because the declarative form of 하다 ends with 해.

Declarative: -해, -지

Declarative sentences end with -아/어 or -지. There's not much difference between them.

지금 컴퓨터 해.
I'm doing something with computer now.

회사 다 끝나고 집에 가고 있어.
All work done. Coming back home.

난 그냥 책 읽고 있지.
I'm just reading books.

Interrogative: -냐, -니, -까, -나

There are many interrogative endings like 냐, 니, 까, 나, 야, 지. As we said in the first episode of 상대 높임법, -니 is a bit softer than 냐. -나 sounds a bit like a soldier. But it can be used when you want to show your surprise. -까 is used when you want to talk the next action you want to take. -야 is used with -이다 verbs. -지 is used when you are sure about the information.

지금 뭐 하냐?
지금 뭐 하니?
지금 뭐 하나?
What are you doing now?

학교가 벌써 끝나나?
The school ended already?

이제 뭐 할까?
What're we going to do now?

오늘 점심은 피자로 할까?
How about eating pizza this lunch?

지금 어디 쯤이야?
Where are you now?

지금 게임하지?
You're playing game now. Right?

Imperative: -해, -라

Imperative sentences end with -아/어 or -라.

그만해!
Stop it.

이거 먹어.
Eat this.

겨울에는 그거 입지 마.
Don't wear that in the winter.

Requesting: -자

Requesting sentences end with 자.

이제 그만 하고 가자.
Let's end it here and go.

오늘은 집에서 TV나 보자.
Let's watch TV today.

Exclamatory: -네

Exclamatory sentences end with -네.

노래 잘 부르네.
You're good at singing!

책 많이 읽네.
You read books a lot.