하나부터 열까지 – Korean Idioms #28

3 Speed Only

With Explanation

Everyone makes mistakes and there are always something wrong and right in a work or a project, but sometimes we find things that are entirely or completely wrong or right. In this case, Koreans use "하나부터 열까지" to describe this entirety or completeness.

As you all know, 하나 means one and 열 means ten. But Koreans use number ten to say complete, or many. For example, 십분 means 10 minutes or 10 parts but if you use it as an adverb, it means completely, entirely. "능력을 십분 활용하다" doesn't mean "you used your ability for 10 minutes," but "you used your ability to the limit." So, 하나부터 열까지 means basically "from one to ten." But in this case, it means from little to much, from the basic to the advanced or from the simple to the complicated, from the beginning to the end, or just completely or entirely.

Examples

어젯밤에 천천히 다 읽어 봤는데 하나부터 열까지 다 마음에 들었다.
I read all about it slowly last night, and everything catched my fancy.

하나부터 열까지 사용자를 배려한 것이 정말 좋았다.
It was really good that everything they did was helping the users.

사고의 원인에 대한 설명이 뉴스에 나오긴 했지만, 하나부터 열까지 의문점 투성이이다.
Although the cause of the accident was explained in the news, but everything is questionable.