필 발(發) – Korean Hanja #13
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The World War I started after the assassination of heir to the throne in Austria. Like this, some firing can start a great war. The character we will learn today is 필 발(發). It has the meaning, shoot. Like World War I, shooting can start a war, so it also means start.
Actually, the first meaning 필 is one of the conjugation of the verb, 피다. The basic meaning of 피다 is to blossom. It is used like 꽃이 피다(A flower blossomed). It is less frequently used in that form these days, so the basic meaning of 필 발 became 쏠 발 in Windows Hanja auto completion window.
사 means fire an arrow, a gun, a cannon, so 발사 means fire a gun or cannon. However, it is not just for weapons. It is used for satellites(인공 위성), or radio waves(전파).
인공위성을 발사하는데 드디어 성공했다.
They finally succeeded to launch a satellite.
요즘은 북한에서도 남한 방송을 볼 수 있는데, 이것을 막기 위한 방해 전파를 발사할 전기가 없기 때문이다.
These days, South Korean TV shows can be watched in North Korea, because North Korea has no electricity for radio waves to prevent this.
출 here means out, so 출발 means start out or begin.
안전한 항해를 위해 출발하기 전 몇 가지 준비해야 할 것이 있습니다.
For the safe voyage, there are a few things we need to prepare before we begin.
지난 실패는 잊어 버리고 새롭게 출발하기로 했다.
Forgetting the previous failure, I decided to start again.
When you start something, then some result will be there after the end. Because of that, 발 also has the meaning generate. This meaning is used in 발명. 명 means bright. It means to make the world brighter. That is to invent. The noun form of invent, invention is 발명품 in Korean.
그 아이는 새로운 기계를 발명하는 것을 무척 좋아한다.
That kid really loves to invent new machines.
에디슨은 새로운 것을 발명하기 위해 수없이 많은 실패를 했다.
Edison failed a lot to invent something new.
When some disease or disaster happens again, it is 재발 in Korean. 재 here means again. 재발 means recurrence when it is used for disasters or relapse when it is for diseases. It sounds like 제발(please) in Korean, but it has nothing to do with it.
한동안 잠잠하던 피부병이 재발했다.
The skin disease relapsed which has been OK for a long time.
정부는 이번 메르스 사태 같은 일이 재발되지 않도록 최선의 노력을 다 해야 할 것이다.
The government should try their best to prevent the recurrence of this MERS disaster .
발음(發音) is pronunciation because you send the sound out of your mouth. 음 here means sound.
발전(發電) is used for generating electricity. 전 here means thunder. It is the homonym of 발전(發展), development. 전 in development 발전 is spread or widening. When you start to widen the area of your knowledge, technology, economy, it is development.