정(情) – Korean Hanja(한자) #6

3 Speed Only

With Explanation

We will talk about 정, today. It is a simple and single character, but it is hard to define the meaning. Let's talk what this letter means one by one.

Used Alone: Affection

The basic meaning of 정 is meaning. However, it is more used in the sense of affection, love, friendliness. It is used alone with the verbs like 들다(to come in), 떨어지다(to drop), 쏟다(to pour).

When you say 정이 들다, you made bond with your friends or colleagues. As one of the meaning of 들다 is coming in, the affection came between the people as they live on, so it means to become fond of.

정이 든 친구들과 헤어지려 하니 많이 아쉬웠다.
I felt sorry when I had to leave with my close friends.

When you say 정이 떨어지다, the bond or affection you made was dropped or disappeared. When you say or do something that is harmful to your relationship, then it is 정 떨어지다.

무슨 말을 그렇게 정 떨어지게 해요?
Why do you speak so mean like that?

When you pour your affection to someone, then it is called 정을 쏟다.

그 아이가 변화하기를 바라면서, 선생님은 그 아이에게 많은 정을 쏟았다.
The teacher poured her affection to the kid, hoping that he changes eventually.

Feelings/Intention

When 정 is used with other characters, it means feeling or intention.

표정(表情) is the facial expression. 표 means outside.
감정(感情) is your feeling, emotion. 감 means feel.
열정(熱情) is passion. 열 means hot or heat. When you are passionate for something, your heart is hot for it.
우정(友情) is friendship. 우 means friend. If someone is a good friend, he or she means special to you.

네 감정이 표정에 다 드러나 있어.
Your emotion is well shown on your face.

학문과 예술에 대한 그의 열정이 잘 드러난 작품이다.
This is the work that shows his passion to the studies and art.

우리의 우정 변하지 말자.
Don't let our friendship be changed.

Information/Story

As the basic meaning of 정 is meaning, 정 means information or story from time to time. The famous example is the word, information, 정보(情報) in Korean. 보 here means report. 정보 means the knowledge reported to us and it is information.

정보 좀 공유해 주세요.
Please share the information with us.

사정(事情) is the story or reason behind the event. 사(事) means work or event.

그런 사정이 있으면 얘기를 했어야지!
You should have told me if there were a story like that.

Before I end this episode, I have one more thing to tell you. Many of you know Korean confectionary, 초코파이. 정 is the character on 초코파이s. As Koreans think 정 is important, it is added on the cover and 초코파이 became a steady seller.