으 elimination – Korean Irregular Verbs #6
When you read the title of this episode, you might have thought that it's a bit odd. You cannot find "irregular" in the title. It's because 으 elimination is a regular conjugation with a special rule.
When the verbs whose stem ends with ㅡ like 쓰다, 따르다, 바쁘다 meet 아/어, then ㅡ is eliminated like 썼다, 따라서, 바빠도, etc.
Actually, you've learned this rule in 르 irregular. When 아/어 is appended to 르 irregular verbs, ㅡ is eliminated and 르 becomes 라/러 like 눌렀다, 날랐다, 몰라도 etc.
This vowel compression always happens when 아/어 are after 으. So, this rule is called 으 elimination. It's a regular conjugation with the change of verb stem, so I've cover it with irregular verbs, because the stems of normal regular verbs aren't changed.
Example Verbs: 쓰다(use, write), 따르다(pour, follow), 잠그다(close), 담그다(put your hand or foot into the water, make kimchi), 끄다(turn off), 뜨다(float, take off)
Example Descriptive Verbs: 고프다(hungry), 기쁘다( glad, pleased), 바쁘다(busy), 슬프다(sad), 아프다(painful, sick), 쓰다(bitter)
머리를 써야 풀 수 있는 문제였다.
It was the question that you cannot solve without using your brain.
전기를 절약하기 위해 불필요한 전등은 전부 껐다.
To save the electricity, I turned off every unnecessary lights.
들어오지 못하게 문을 잠갔다.
I locked the door to prevent the entrance.
배가 고파서 냉장고를 열어 봤는데 먹을 것이 아무 것도 없었다.
I was hungry so I opened the fridge. I cannot find anything to eat.
아팠지만 해야 할 일이 있어서 회사에 나왔다.
I was sick but I had works to do, so I went to work.
바쁘더라도 좀 쉬었다가 해.
Even if you are busy, do it after a bit of rest.
김치 담그는 법 좀 알려 주세요.
Please tell me how to make kimchi.
편지도 쓰고 전화도 했습니다.
I wrote a letter and also called him.
기뻤지만 기쁘지 않은 척 했다.
I was pleased but I pretended I was not.