심(心) – Korean Hanja(한자) #5
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Heart is one of the synonyms of mind. As we all know, the word, heart, has 2 meanings. First of all, it is the physical heart in our body. It pumps blood without rest. The second meaning is abstract heart, it is the synonym of the word, mind. The character 심(心) is same. It sometimes means heart and mind. Then, let's see the examples of words that contain 심.
Heart, the Organ
심장(心臟) is our physical heart. 장 here means organ. Although the character 심 means our physical heart, it is not used alone to call our hearts. It is only used like 심장. When your heart suddenly stops, it is called heart attack in English. It is called 심장 마비 in Korean. 마비 here doesn't mean attack. It means paralysis.
그 할아버지에게 심장 마비가 와서 긴급히 병원으로 이동시켰다.
As that old gentleman got the heart attack, they move him to the hospital quickly.
In some news, we can hear someone who helped heart-attacked people by CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is called 심폐 소생술 in Korean. Cardio means heart and pulmonary means lung, so it is 심장과 폐 in Korean. It is shortened to 심폐. Resuscitate means to help breathe again. It is kind of reviving. That's why it is called 소생술.
휴가 중 심폐 소생술로 사람을 살린 병사가 화제가 되고 있다.
The soldier became headline who revive a person with CPR on his vacation.
Heart, the Mind.
심신(心身) is mind and body, body and soul because 신(身) means body.
심신이 피로하면 잠깐 쉬고 하는 것이 좋아.
If your body and soul are tired, it is good to just take some rest a bit and do it again.
심정(心情) means your feelings. 정 means meaning. 심정 means your meaning or thought in your heart, so it is your feelings.
지금 심정이 어떠신가요?
How do you feel now?
Everything in Our Mind
심 is also used to call everything that happens in our minds.
의심(疑心) is doubt because 의 means doubt.
As 진 means true, 진심(眞心) is your true mind, so it means sincerity.
As 본 means base, 본심(本心) is the basic mind, so it means real intention.
욕심(慾心) is greed as 욕 means "want, or greed."
결심(決心) is making your mind as 결 means decide.
의심하지 말자. 분명 무슨 생각이 있었을 거야.
Do not doubt him now. He definitely had an idea.
진심이 통했으면 하고 바랐다.
I wished my sincere mind were understood.
그렇게 욕심 부리는 것이 본심은 아니었어. 그렇게 하지 말자는 결심을 못 지켰어.
It was not my real intention to be greedy like that. I couldn't keep my decision that I should not act like that.