신청하다, 지원하다, 적용하다, 응용하다, 해당하다, 앱/어플/응용 프로그램 – Korean Words vs. Words S2 #10
We apply for schools. We apply what we have learned. We use a lot of applications in our computers to work. Then, what is apply in Korean? Like many other words, there are many words for apply: 신청하다, 지원하다, 적용하다, 응용하다, 해당하다, etc.
We apply for passport or subsidies. When we apply to get something from government or organization, it is called 신청하다. It is usually used with the words like 여권(passport), 보조금(subsidy), etc.
지난 주에 신청한 여권을 이제야 받았다.
Now I got the passport for which I applied last week.
보조금은 직접 방문하셔서 신청하셔야 합니다.
You should apply for the subsidy in person.
- 신청: noun form
- 신청해야 한다: must/should apply
- 신청했다: applied
- 신청해야 했다: should have applied
We apply for colleges. We apply for jobs. When we apply to be a part of an organization, it is called 지원하다. 지원하다 is used with the words like 대학(college or university), 회사(company), etc. It is also used with specific names like 서울대, 네이버, 삼성, etc.
그는 인천대에 지원했고 합격했다.
He applied for Incheon National University and passed.
그는 하사로 군에 지원해 입대했다.
He applied for sergeant and joined the army.
- 지원: noun form
- 지원할 것이다: be going to apply
- 지원하지 못했다: couldn't apply(because he had unavoidable reason)
- 지원하지 않았다: didn't apply(he did it with his own will)
We learned something and apply it to something new. We made some rules, laws, or regulations and applied them to something else. It is called 적용하다 in Korean.
이론을 현실에 적용해 보니 작은 오차가 있었다.
After applying the theory to reality, I could find the small error.
그 규칙은 19세 미만에게는 적용되지 않는다.
That rule is not applied to under 19 years old.
- 적용: noun form
- 적용할 수 없었다: couldn't apply
- 적용할 수 있었다: can apply
- 적용된다: to be applied
- 적용되지 않는다: not to be applied
응용하다 is a special case of 적용하다. When we apply what we have learned, especially scientific or mathematical knowledge, to something new, it is called 응용하다.
이 문제는 학생들의 응용 능력을 판단하기 위한 것이다.
This question is to test whether the student has the ability of application.
그는 맷돌의 원리를 응용한 음식물 쓰레기 처리기를 개발했다.
He applied the principle of millstone to develop the food waste processor.
- 응용: noun form
- 응용한: adjective form
- 응용해 보자: let's apply (it)
해당하다 and 해당되다 are another special case of 적용하다. When we apply the rules, laws, moral obligations, then it is called 해당하다/해당되다. In strict grammar, 해당되다 is passive form of 해당하다. However, they both have the same meaning, to be relevant to something.
내가 하는 말은 여러분 중 일부에게만 해당합니다.
What I am saying applies only to some of you.
이 규정은 당신에게 해당되지 않습니다.
This rule is not applied to you.
- 해당: noun
- 해당되지 않다: to be not applied to
- 해당될 수도 있다: it might be applied to
We install a lot of applications in our computers. It is called 응용 프로그램 in Korean. Some people just call it 응용, but it is really rare.
Finally, we install many apps in our phones. It is called 앱 or 어플. 어플 is the shortened form of 어플리케이션. Both 앱 and 어플 are used a lot.
By the way, installing the application is called 프로그램/앱/어플을 깔다/설치하다. Uninstalling is called 지우다/삭제하다.