시키다 causative form – Korean Causative and Passive Forms #7

We learned 2 forms of causative forms, 이히리기우구추 suffix forms and -게 하다 form. There is one more form. It uses a special verb, 시키다.

시키다 examples

All you have to do is to change 하다 or 하게 하다 to 시키다.

선생님께서 학생들에게 발표를 시키셨다.
Teacher made students do the presentation.

코치가 수비하는 법을 연습시키고 있다.
Coach is making them practice how to defend.

그 학교는 애들 공부를 안 시켜.
That school doesn't make students study.

Personally, I hate this form, 공부시키다, forcing someone to study, because I think that you should study willingly, not forcefully. Unfortunately, this is one of the most widely used 시키다 verb form in Korea.

You can find something interesting here. I used 을/를 in front of 시키다. You can break the 하다 verb with 을/를 and change 하다 to 시키다. Then, we get the result. You can remove 을/를 in most cases like 발표시키셨다. However, when there is a 을/를 phrase in front of 시키다 like 수비하는 법을 연습시키다 or when you want to make a negative form, you cannot remove 을/를.

You cannot use 시키다 with some -하다 verbs.

Although it is 하다 verb, sometimes you cannot use 시키다 with it. These verbs are 밥하다(make rice), 떡하다(make rice cake), 머리하다(style hair), 운영하다(operate), etc. Sadly, like many Korean grammar rules, it's hard to find the rule in those verbs. In this case, you should only use -하게 하다 form, not 시키다.

철수에게 시스템을 운영시켰다.(x)
철수에게 시스템을 운영하게 했다.
I made 철수 operate the system.

시키다 to use food delivery service

Final note about the verb, 시키다, is that it has the meaning of ordering a food delivery in Korean.

A: 우리 오늘은 빅맥을 시켜 먹을 거야.
B: 한국에서는 그게 돼?
A: 응, 공원에서 피자 시켜 먹을 수도 있는데?
B: 진짜?
A: We're going to deliver Big Mac today.
B: Is that possible in Korea?
A: Yes, you can even deliver pizza to parks.
B: Really?

Yes, actually, both of them are really possible. If you click the links below, you can watch how it works with Josh in 영국남자 youtube.