리, 기 Passive Examples – Korean Causative and Passive Forms #10

We learned 이, 히 examples last week. In this episode, we'll learn the rest, 리 and 기 examples.

리: 눌리다(누르다, press), 들리다(듣다, listen, hear), 물리다(물다, bite), 밀리다(밀다, push), 풀리다(풀다, release)
기: 감기다(감다, wind), 끊기다(끊다, cut, end), 안기다(안다, hug), 찢기다(찢다, tear)

Like 이 and 히, 리 and 기 have general rules like:

  • 리 is used a lot with the verbs with ㄹ as ending sound, ㄷ irregular verbs like 걷다, 듣다, or some verbs that have 르 in it.
  • 기 is used a lot with the verbs with ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅅ as ending sound.

As I said in the last episode, these are only general rules. It only helps you to find the verbs faster. The best way is to ask your Korean friend or find the dictionary.

Examples

빵이 책에 눌려서 딱딱해졌어.
The bread was pushed down by the book and became hard.

아무 것도 들리지 않는 깜깜한 방이었다.
It was the room that you cannot hear anything.

이건 모기인 것 같고, 이건 개미인가? 진짜 엄청 물렸네.
It looks like from mosquito. Is this from an ant? I am bitten a lot.

사람들이 많아서 열차 안에서 그냥 이리 밀리고 저리 밀리다 보니 목적지에 도착했다.
There were so many people in the subway, so I was pushed from here to there and arrived at the destination, eventually.

풀리지 않는 문제 때문에 정말 많이 노력 중이다.
I am trying my best to solve the problem.

줄에 발이 감겨서 넘어졌다.
My feet was coiled with the rope and I tripped.

버스가 끊기기 전에 집에 돌아가야겠다.
I should get back to my home before the bus is ended.

엄마 품에 안긴 아이는 행복해 보였다.
The kid on the mother's arms looked happy.

가끔 수학 문제들 중에 보면, 찢겨진 종이에 써 있는 문제를 풀라고 하잖아? 왜 그런 거지? 그냥 버리면 되는걸?
Well, when you read some math problems, there are some problems that want you to solve the problem on torn paper. Why is that? Isn't just easy to throw them away?