-게 하다 causative form – Korean Causative and Passive Forms #5
Some verbs don't have suffix for causative forms.
Mrs. Kim made 영희 help me.
You can imagine the situation of the sentence. It's just a normal and everyday sentence. Then, how should we say that sentence in Korean? What's the causative form of help(돕다) in Korean? Is it, 돕이다, 돕히다, 돕리다, 돕기다, 돕우다, 돕구다, 돕추다?
Actually, there was no answer. 돕다 has no suffix for causative form. In Korean, there are some verbs that have no causative forms. These are examples.
Give or take verbs: 주다, 드리다(give), 받다, 얻다(receive), 바치다(offer), 잃다(lose), 돕다(help)
Verbs that need 와/과: 만나다(meet), 닮다(resemble), 싸우다(fight)
Verb stems that end with ㅣ: 이기다(win), 던지다(throw), 지키다(protect), 때리다(hit)
Experience: 배우다(learn), 느끼다(feel), 바라다(hope)
하다 verbs: 노래하다(sing), 도착하다(arrive), 사냥하다(hunt), 출발하다(start)
Like suffixes for causative forms, there is no rule. You should ask your native friends or find dictionary.
Then, how should we make causative form for 돕다. We should append -게 하다 like 돕게 하다. Although they have different conjugation, you can use the same sentence structure you used to create causative sentences with verbs that have suffixes.
아이가 내게 과자를 주었다.
Kid gave me some cookies.
아이에게 과자를 주게 했다.
I made kid give some cookies to others.
영희는 나를 도와 주었다.
영희 helped me.
선생님께서 영희가 나를 도와 주게 하셨다.
Teacher made 영희 help me.
나는 어제 여자 친구를 만났다.
I met my girlfriend yesterday.
부모님께서 여자 친구를 못 만나게 하신다.
My parents forbid me to meet my girlfriend.
-아/어지게 하다 for Descriptive Verbs.
With descriptive verbs, there is one more conjugation form. It's -아/어지게 하다.
인터넷 속도가 빠르다.
The Internet speed is fast.
인터넷 속도를 빠르게 했다.
인터넷 속도를 빨라지게 했다.
인터넷 속도가 빨라지게 했다.
I made the Internet speed fast.
The room is dark.
방을 어둡게 했다.
방을 어두워지게 했다.
방이 어두워지게 했다.
I made the room dark.
One thing to note is that when you use -아/어지게 하다 form, you can change 를 to 이/가. You shouldn't do that with -게 하다.