ㅎ irregular – Korean Irregular Verbs #5
The irregular verb group of today is ㅎ irregular. ㅎ irregular verbs are really different from other irregular verbs. The rule is really interesting.
The basic rule, irregular conjugation happens when markers or endings that start with a vowel are appended to the verb, is exactly same. But the conjugated form is really odd.
When these verbs meet markers or endings that start with 으, ㅎ and 으 are eliminated. For example, if we conjugate 빨갛다 with -으니, it is not 빨갛으니, but 빨가니. If 으면 is appended, it should be 빨가면.
When ㅏ/ㅓ are appended, ㅎ is eliminated and ㅏ/ㅓ becomes ㅐ. ㅑ becomes ㅒ. For example, if 빨갛다 is conjugated with 어서, it is 빨개서. When 하얗다 is conjugated 았다, it is 하얬다.
Irregular Verbs: 파랗다(blue), 퍼렇다(dark blue, strong blue), 빨갛다(red), 뻘겋다(dark red, strong red), 노랗다(yellow), 누렇다(dirty yellow), 하얗다(white), 그렇다(in that way), 동그랗다(circular)
Regular Verbs: 좋다(good, well), 쌓다(stack), 빻다(crush, grind), 놓다(put), 낳다(give birth to)
As you can see, this irregular rule only happens to descriptive verbs or adjectives except 좋다.
Irregular Verb Examples
가을이라 그런지 하늘이 참 파랗구나.
It's fall and the sky is clean and blue.
그렇게 많이 이야기했는데 이해를 못했던 거야?
I've told you a lot like that, but you didn't understand it. Did you?
그런 일 한 적 없습니다.
I've never done anything like that.
바닥이 하야니까 이상하다.
It is really odd to see the white floor.
주위가 시뻘개서 무슨 일이 있었나 걱정했어.
It was completely red outside, so I was worried about it.
어제 달은 정말 동그랬다.
The moon yesterday was really round.
색이 노래지면 뒤집어.
When it becomes yellow, turn it over.
그게 좋으면 그렇게 해.
If you like it that way, do it like that.
동전을 세기 위해 10개씩 쌓아 올렸다.
To count the coins, I've piled them up by ten.
여기! 어제 네가 놓고 간 책.
Here! The book you dropped yesterday.
강아지가 어제 새끼를 낳았다.
My dog gave birth to babies yesterday.