ㄹ elimination – Korean Irregular Verbs #7

Today, we'll learn another regular conjugation. It's ㄹ regular. In some conditions, the 받침 ㄹ in the stem of words are eliminated.

Rule 1.

When they are conjugated with some endings like -ㄴ, -ㄹ, -네, -ㅂ니다, -시-, 받침 ㄹ is eliminated. For example, the conjugation of the verb, 날다(fly), is 난, 날, 나네, 납니다, 나신다, etc.

The problem with this rule is that it happens only with some consonant endings. For example, if we conjugate 날다 with -지, it's not 나지, but 날지.

Rule 2.

When they are conjugated with some endings that start with "으" like 으려고, 으면, "으" is eliminated. For example, the conjugation of the verb, 날다, is 날려고, 날면.

Rule 3.

Finally, the combination of Rule 1 and Rule 2. When they are conjugated with endings like 으니, 으니까, "으" and ㄹ are eliminated. For example, the conjugated version of 날다 is 나니까, 나니.

Verbs: 날다(fly), 알다(know), 울다(cry), 놀다(play, hang out), 불다(blow), 갈다(change), 멀다(far away), 달다(sweet), 길다(long), 둥글다(round, circular), 어질다(kind, benevolent)

Examples.

무엇이 문제인지 안 뒤에는 문제를 고치려고 노력해야 한다.
If you realized what is the problem, you should try your best to fix it.

오늘은 달이 둥급니다.
Moon is round today.

또 우네. 그만 좀 울어.
You are crying again. Please stop.

나랑 같이 놀 사람?
Who wants to play with me?

힘을 주고 세게 부셔야 해요.
You should blow it strongly.

바람이 부는 날 돌아가겠습니다.
I will be back on the day when the wind blows.

3년에 한 번씩 갈면 되는 거지?
I should change it once in 3 years. Right?

생각보다 머니까 택시 타고 가.
It's farther away than you think. So, take a taxi.

다 먹고 살려고 하는 일인데.
All of these are for living.