ㄷ irregular – Korean Irregular Verbs #2

We'll learn another group of irregular verbs in Korean. It's ㄷ irregular. Like many other irregular verbs, the irregular conjugation happens when the verb meets endings or markers that start with vowels. When this happens, the 받침 ㄷ changes into ㄹ.

Irregular Verbs: 걷다(walk), 깨닫다(realize), 듣다(listen, hear), 싣다(load, put something in), 누구에게 묻다(ask)
Regular Verbs: 닫다(close), 믿다(believe, trust), 쏟다(spill), 얻다(get), 땅에 묻다(bury)

Regular Conjugation Examples of Irregular Verbs

교통 사고 때문에 그는 1년 동안 걷지 못했다.
Because of the car crash, he couldn't walk for a year.

차 트렁크에 싣고 다니는 불필요한 물건들을 없애면 기름값이 절약된다.
If you get rid of unnecessary items in the car trunks, you can save gas.

At the end of the verbs, the endings or markers that start with consonants are appended like 걷지, 싣고. So, the conjugations are regular.

Irregular Conjugation Examples of Irregular Verbs

이 팀에서 내가 제일 문제라는 사실을 깨달았다.
I realized that I was the biggest problem in this team.

항상 양 쪽 이야기를 다 들어 보고 판단해야 해.
You should always decide after listening to both sides.

At the end of the verbs, the endings or markers that start with vowels are appended like 깨달았다, 들어. So, 받침 ㄷ became ㄹ.

Regular Verb Examples

자꾸 그러니까 믿으려고 해도 믿을 수가 없어.
I cannot trust you because you always act like that.

이 문 닫은 사람 누구야?
Who closed this door?

아이가 상에 우유를 쏟았다.
The kid spilled milk on the table.

그 아이템 하나 얻으려고 세 시간을 플레이했다.
I had to play it for 3 hours to get that item.

As you can see in 믿을, 믿어, 닫은, 쏟았다, 얻으려고, the endings or markers that start with vowels are appended to the verbs, but 받침 ㄷ is not changed at all.

묻다

I didn't include 묻다 above, because the conjugation of 묻다 changes according to its usage.

When you use 묻다 for ask, the conjugation is irregular. However, when you use it for bury, it's regular. Let's see with examples.

국현이한테 물어 보자.
Let's ask 국현.

어제 온 사람이 누구인지 물었는데 대답을 안 하더라고.
I asked him about the person who came here yesterday, but he didn't answer.

그녀는 땅 속에 묻어 둔 금덩이를 꺼냈다.
She took out the gold nugget she buried in the ground.

김장 김치는 땅에 묻어야 맛있어.
As for 김장 김치, it tastes better when you bury it in the ground.