From today, we'll learn about 조사, or markers. Like prepositions for many English learners, markers are one of the hardest part in Korean language.
There are 3 types of markers: 격조사, 보조사, and 접속조사. 격조사 is used to show the grammatical role of the noun. Let's see some examples.
피자가 식탁 위에 있다.
A pizza is on the table.
In this case, -가 shows that pizza is the subject of the sentence.
가위로 피자를 잘랐다.
We cut the pizza
We will end the aspect series with more expressions that show your intention.
보다 here doesn't mean to see. In this case, 보다 is to check the result after you tried something new.
이번에는 10분만 더 해 보자.
Let's do it 10 more minutes this time.
내일은 이걸 먹어 보는 게 어때?
How about eating this tomorrow?
It is used when you finished an action. It is used when someone did it with a strong will or even anger.
In this episode we will learn how to talk about intentions. As there are many expressions about intention, we'll learn about them in 2 weeks.
It is used to talk about your goals, plans or intentions.
어제 아침에 가려고 했는데, 눈이 많이 와서 못 갔어.
I tried to go there in the yesterday morning, but I couldn't because of the big snow.
그냥 자려고 했는데, 전화가 왔더라고.
I just wanted to sleep, but the phone rang.
In this episode, we'll learn how to command or allow other people to do something like "It's okay to do this", "You must not do that", etc.
It means "it's okay to do something".
지금 가 봐도 좋아.
It's okay to go there now.
틀려도 좋으니까 마음대로 해.
Do whatever you want. It doesn't matter if you do something wrong.
-는 게 좋겠다/낫겠다.
It added "-겠" between 좋다. And the meaning has been changed to "you had better
In our conversations, we use phrases like "I'm sure", "it's possible", "it's natural" to show our judgment or viewpoint about the statement after them.
In this episode, we'll learn how to do that in Korean.
These expressions are used when you realized something you didn't. As we know, they are also used for exclamatory sentences. It's because we are surprised when we realized something we didn't know.
He's really gone away.
겨울이 오기는 오는구나.
The winter is coming after
When we were learning tense expressions, we learned that future tense endings like 겠 and -을/를 것이다 are used for estimation or guesses. They are not the only guessing expressions in Korean. We'll learn other expressions today.
It is used when you're guessing about the current or near-future situation. One thing to note is that it is 반말 expression. If you want to be polite, use -(으)ㄹ 거예요.
지금쯤이면 집에 있을걸?
She might be in her house now.