Quotation

Sometimes, we quote what other people said or wrote. Basically, there are 2 ways of quoting. Direct quoting: The quote with quotation mark. He said to me, “I’ll be back tomorrow.” Indirect quoting: The quote without quotation mark. He said to me that he would be back tomorrow. We’ll learn how to quote in those

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Adjective Phrases

Sometimes we modify nouns with a sentence like the movie I saw yesterday night, a boy who was once kind, etc. We’ll learn how to speak that in Korean. We use different adjective phrase endings for different tenses and normal/descriptive,이다 verb. Present Tense As for present tense, we use -는 for normal verbs -(으)ㄴ for

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Noun phrase

Until last week, we learned how to connect 2 or more sentences to set up the relation like contrast, reason, goal, etc. From this week, we’ll learn how to use sentences as noun, adjective, or quote. Let’s start with noun phrases. To make noun phrases, you need to use -(으)ㅁ, -기, or -(으)ㄴ/는 것. 그가

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Background Information

When we talk, we sometimes tell others additional information about the situation or reason. In English, we usually use separate sentences. However, in Korean, you can use -는데/-(으)ㄴ데, or -(으)니. 어제 집에 가는데 친구를 만났어. I met a friend when I was coming back home yesterday. 시간도 많은데 느긋하게 해. We have a lot of

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Method

We’re learning how to combine sentences in Korean for a few months. And some of you might have noticed that some endings are used for multiple purposes. The 2 endings we will learn today are one of them, too. We’ll learn how to use -아서/-어서, -고 for methods to do something. 비행기를 타고 미국으로 갔다.

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Select one

Sometimes, we need to choose one from many things. In this situation, we can use -거나 or -든지. They have the same meaning of the basic word, 또는 in Korean. 목록에서 뭔가를 선택하고 싶다면, “거나”를 쓰든지, “든지”를 쓰든지 쓰고 싶은 거를 쓰면 된다. If you want to choose one from a list, you can use

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Admit

In this episode, we’ll learn how to “admit” facts or assumptions. In other words, we’ll learn how to say “although”, “though”, “even if” in Korean. To say this nuance, we need -(으)ㄹ지라도, -더라도 or -아도/어도. 그는 나이는 어릴지라도 생각은 깊다. Although he’s young, he’s really thoughtful. 내일 못 가더라도 실망하지 마. Don’t be disappointed even

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Goal

In this episode, we’ll learn how to speak “goals” in Korean. To do so, we need -(으)러, -(으)려고, -도록, -게. 공부하러 도서관에 갈 거예요. I’ll go to library to study. 살을 찌우려고 많이 먹고 있어요. I’m eating a lot to fatten myself. 아이들이 잘 잘 수 있도록 조용히 해 주시기 바랍니다. Please be quiet to

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Condition

In this episode, I’ll tell you how to speak the condition in Korean. In easy words, we’ll learn how to use “when” or “if” in Korean. What we need are -(으)면, -(으)려면, -아야/-어야. 집에 가면 푹 쉬어야지. I’ll take rest after getting back home. 왜 그런 일이 벌어졌는지 알려면 우선 사람들의 증언을 들어 봐야 한다.

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Reason

In this episode, we’ll talk about reason or cause. In other words, we’ll learn how to say “because” in Korean. In this case, you can use -아서/-어서, -(으)니, -(으)니까, -(으)므로, -느라고, -기에, -기 때문에. 다리가 너무 아파서 더는 못 걷겠어요. My legs are too tired. I cannot walk any more. 이 신발은 좀 작으니 다른

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